Through the years, the lack of understanding, and shame surrounding PTSD has frequently prevented proper healing regardless of whether the Patients are associated with the military, civilian or otherwise. Because PTSD is so personal, it's impossible to ascertain who will be affected, how, and why without fully understanding what it is as well as what it is not.
Psychological effects seem more likely if the trauma is:
Sadistic (for example: sexual)
Undergone in childhood
Perpetrated by a caregiver
The result of a violent act, war, accident, rape, etc.
WHO ARE THE TRAUMA SURVIVORS?
BECAUSE violence permeates our culture as well as effects of violence and neglect are often dramatic and pervasive
Many who seek services in the mental health system are trauma survivors. Because coping responses to abuse and neglect are varied and complex, trauma survivors may carry any psychiatric diagnosis and frequently trauma survivors carry many diagnoses. As interpersonal trauma does not discriminate,
Survivors are both genders, all ages, races, classes, sizes, sexual orientations, religions, and nationalities. Although females typically seek treatment with greater frequency, (unless military) many men and boys are survivors of childhood abuse and trauma. Under-recognition of male survivors, combined with cultural gender bias has made it especially difficult for these men to get needed help.
What are the Lasting Effects of Trauma?
There is no one diagnosis that contains all abuse survivor clients; rather individuals carrying any diagnosis can be survivors. Often survivors carry many diagnoses.
This study relates to the psychosocial and hormonal aspects pertaining to the brain's long term exposure to stress- what we do know, what we can do to better treat/diagnose patients and where to go from here?
According to the literature, abuse survivors may meet criteria for diagnoses of: